THE THREAT OF BOKO HARAM

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Nana Ngassam  Rodrigue

by Rodrigue Nana Ngassam

2015-03-23
 
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Boko Haram: not a day passes without some mention of this Islamist group. Its deadly attacks are headline news in Nigeria and elsewhere, despite the measures taken by the Government to curb the expansion of its grip on the national territory.[1]

The Islamist sect which is terrorising the country has been responsible for the deaths of at least 3,000 people [2] since its transformation into an armed rebel movement in 2003. Advocating a radical and inflexible Islam, the ideology[3] of the movement takes its inspiration from the Taliban of Afghanistan,[4] rejecting the modern world and planning to establish sharia law in Nigeria’s 36 States and set up an Islamic State.[5]

Since 2010, the threats posed by this organisation have taken on alarming proportions and the mere mention of its name creates panic. The aggressiveness, rhetoric and tactics of the sect seem to indicate a major shift in its capacity to do harm. It has now expanded well beyond its original base in the North-East of the country and represents a cross-border danger. And its links with other violent extremist and terrorist groups with a presence in North Africa, West Africa and East Africa serve to underline this rise in power, creating the dangers affecting the political, economic and security interests of the African countries.

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