Lopes Henri


n°55 Third Quarter 2015

Through a shortage of adequate resources and a lack of critical mass of revenue when called upon to deal with emergency situations,  especially social, a significant number of African countries...

Magazine content


The great challenge of africa’s cities

Among the challenges that Africa must confront in the coming decades, population growth is undoubtedly the greatest. While the African continent has already increased its population fourfold     in the last fifty years, it could reach 2 billion inhabitants by 2050,    and even 3 billion around 2070, one third of the world’s population. As with any projection, such figures are still subject to variation. But these prospects, calculated on the basis of recent trends and recently revised upwards for sub-Saharan Africa by the United Nations, cannot be...

Kiyindou Alain

Good digital opportunities

Among the future upheavals in global geopolitics, the most striking is undoubtedly related to African demography. It   will rise from 16% of the  world’s  population, i.e. 1.2  billion inhabitants, to 25%, i.e. 2.5 billion inhabitants. There are many consequences of this, especially with the development of a middle-class of 1.4 billion individuals in possession of disposable income which will help to revive the African economy. By 2050, according to a report by the consultants PricewaterhouseCoopers published in February 2015, Nigeria, the leading African...

Tabib Rafaâ

The consequences of the dislocation of the Libyan state

The collapse of the state in Libya at the end of 2011 took place against a complex background in which the erosion of authority in the countries of the region (chiefly in Niger and Mali) was combined with deep political rifts in its other two neighbours of the “Arab spring” – Tunisia and Egypt. The fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime was at the root of a series of wide-ranging security crises, fuelled by arms trafficking and the proliferation of militias in the former Socialist People’s Arab Libyan Jamahiriya (or “State of the Masses”). Age-old local...

Prunier Gérard

Risk of storms on the Great Lakes

The Great Lakes region (Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and eastern DRC) was ranked among the areas at highest risk for twenty years, from the mid- 1980s to the mid-2000s. Since then, things have seemed to become gradually calmer, with the end of the “African First World War” in which the armies of seven countries had engaged in the Zaïre-DRC arena, with the direct involvement of six others. Domestic stabilisation in Rwanda, the relative prosperity of Uganda, the end of the Civil War in Burundi and the Congolese elections confirmed this return to peace. It was the rising power of the...

Khellaf Ayache

The Moroccan approach to development

Since 2004, the Moroccan High Commission for Planning (HCP)•1 has been leading the think-tanks on future trends in the context of a renewed approach to the process of economic and social development planning. The purpose of “Future Trends: Morocco 2030”•2 is to explore possible and alternative futures in order to submit them to a national debate. The work done has been published in an effort to identify the major strategic, credible and viable options for Morocco’s future in its situation in the Maghreb and the Mediterranean, but also more broadly located...

Cessou Sabine

Boko Haram and the threat of an African Jihad

Boko Haram suffered heavy blows in March and April 2015, in northern Nigeria, in the face of the response organised by five African armies: that of Nigeria, but also those of neighbouring Niger, Cameroon, Chad and Benin. The rise of the Islamic sect from Nigeria, which has rallied to the cause of the Islamic State of Iraq, led it to take on dangerous subregional dimensions in 2014. No longer popular where it first appeared, this armed group, hounded by civilian militias in Nigeria, exports its  violence  and  forced  recruitment methods to its neighbours. Furthermore, Boko...

Miribel Benoît

Ebola and the challenge of epidemics

Globally, transmission of the Ebola epidemic  which began at the end of 2013 in the Guinea Forest Region seems to be in decline, with a decreased number of cases and deaths. The World Health Organisation (WHO) situation report of 27 May 2015 records the lowest weekly rate of persons infected since the beginning of the epidemic (only twelve confirmed cases, of which nine were in Guinea and three in Sierra Leone). On 9 May, the President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, and WHO confirmed the end of the epidemic in that country.

Sarr Felwine

“Reconceptualising africa’s future”

Interview  with  African  Geopolitics — You write that discourse on Africa is “dom- inated by faith in a glorious future and consternation in the face  of a chaotic present”, a “dialectic of euphoria and despair”•1. How can preparations be made for the future within such a  contradiction?

Young Alden

America between afro-optimism and afro-pessimism

The institutional arrangements for African Studies in  the United States are very diverse. This is explained in large part by the racial dynamic specific to each US campus, as well as to the teaching staff and students.The opinion of America, the leading world power, of Africa, an emerging continent with rich but varied geopolitical prospects, is never anodyne. Such a perception enables an understanding of how America locates the dark continent within the great advances of the world, what its place is in the history that is being made, whether Africa is perceived in a global way in...

Rugamba Dorcy

We need to be able to leave the past behind

In the wake of the attacks of 11 September 2001, a literature stripped of  subtlety marked the return of  a  discourse taking Muslims   as its target. I began to write the text of Bloody Niggers after reading La Rage et l’Orgueil•1, written by the Italian journalist Oriana Fallaci, an inherently violent book on the subject of Muslims, reminiscent in my view of the fascist output of the 1930s in Europe. Following the attacks committed in the United States