Lopes Henri


n°55 Third Quarter 2015

Through a shortage of adequate resources and a lack of critical mass of revenue when called upon to deal with emergency situations,  especially social, a significant number of African countries...

Magazine content


How to finance development aid

Interviewed by Baudouin Bollaert, former editor-in-chief at Le Figaro, lecturer at the Institut catholique de  Paris. Baudouin Bollaert — The Millennium Development Goals appro- ved by 194 UN States in 2000•1, come to an end to this year. What outcomes have been achieved?

Baverez Nicolas

Africa is on the Threshold of its « Boom Years »

Africa’s    successful     take-off,    previously      prevented      by    the alternative strategies to capitalism and non-alignment, is     the result of globalisation. Since independence, the continent had suffered from the accumulation of non-development and impoverishment, corruption and the absence of the rule of law, and civil and foreign conflicts, often fuelled by the rivalry of the Cold War superpowers. Since the 1990s, Africa has shaken off...

Tengo Laurent

Agenda Africa 2063 is an attainable ideal

One thing is certain in 2015: Africa is rapidly changing and developing and very promising prospects are opening up to the continent. It is enjoying a significant growth rate even though it is not in a position to resolve the problems of poverty for the majority and youth unemployment on its own. Other interesting findings include the facts that conflicts are on the decline and governance is generally improving. In addition there is a positive revival of private foreign investment and an improvement in the African capacity to develop major structural projects. Against such a background, would...


Is it possible to forecast the future in Africa?

Any analysis that attempts to anticipate the future can never be a  foregone conclusion regardless of  where it  is  in  the world, and particularly not in Africa. In some countries where the African Futures Institute (AFI) has been asked to undertake such an analysis,   it proved necessary to stop, as in the case of Zimbabwe and Mauritania because of changes that had taken place in the domestic political context. Elsewhere, we have pursued the work to its conclusion, although without the debate on the possible visions of the  future taking place in the...


Oil is a major trump card

Whatever the price of a barrel of crude over the next few   years– which no expert can predict – it would appear to be an accepted fact: Africa is and will remain the continent of the future as   a producer of oil and gas. With its proven and potential reserves, the quality of its oils, the cost of extraction and the as-yet low level of domestic consumption, Africa is largely set to become an exporter – and, as such, a geopolitical area constantly under the gaze of the world powers and very probably coveted by some.

Ngom Mabingué

A vast demographic potential ripe for development

By 2050, a quarter of the world’s population will live in Africa, which will certainly have an impact on global geopolitics    and geo-economics. Demographic, social and economic power relations will be profoundly altered by this new order. It is likely that the way Africa looks at the world will change, as will the way Africans look at their own continent. The question is really to know if Africa can reap the dividends of these major changes by making its population into a lever of development and influence, if not of  power.

Laloupo Francis

In quest of an african diplomacy

In Éclipse sur l’Afrique. Fallait-il tuer Kadhafi?•1 published in 2014, the Gabonese diplomat Jean Ping, former Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AU), sets out his view of the war in Libya in 2011, which led to the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi and his subsequent death. A real indictment of “the marginalisation of Africa by the Western powers”, this book is also a desperate admission of the AU’s powerlessness on the international stage. According to the man who, for four years, led the continent’s highest political...

Hofnung Thomas

French military interventions under debate

The Sahel and the rise in power of the terrorist groups in Mali occupied a great portion of the conversation between the two French Presidents in May 2012, during the handover of power between Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande at the Élysée. A month later, armed groups of Islamists and Touareg separatists of the Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad (MNLA) had seized control of    the three principal northern regions – Kidal, Gao and  Timbuktu.

Mbia Yebega Germain-Hervé

Breaking africa’s strategic dependence

Operation Bouledogue, launched on 18 July 1961 at Bizerte (Tunisia) to maintain a military base there, was the first of a long series of French military interventions in Africa. After Licorne in 2002 in Côte d’Ivoire and Serval in January 2013 in Mali, the most recent is named after an apparently harmless African butterfly, Sangaris. It is the seventh military intervention organised by Paris in the Central African Republic (CAR)•1 since the former African colony became independent in 1960. In total, in a period spanning over fifty years, France has deployed troops more...

BERG Eugène

Water as a crisis factor

Water is the mirror of the future”, wrote Gaston Bachelard•1. In Africa as elsewhere, it has never been a purely commercial product, but has taken on symbolic and religious significance. Many states and regions in Africa bear the names of rivers (Senegal, Niger, Congo, Zambia, the province of Limpopo in South Africa) or of lakes (Chad, Togo, Malawi, Tanzania). When Africa was divided up, access to navigable waterways was an issue on a par with the importance of river transport in the control of various territories and their economic exploitation.