Africa goes to COP21

Lopes Henri
42,00€

Africa goes to COP21

n°56 Fourth Quarter 2015

African Geopolitics is not a magazine but a review which takes a quasi-academic and scientific approach to core issues without attempting to be controversial. Although we keep a watchful eye on...

Magazine content

Sassou N’Guesso Denis
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“AFRICA MUST FIND A WAY TO OVERCOME ITS PROBLEMS”

Interview with Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of Congo by Jean Didier Boukongou, associate editor of the journal African Geopolitics. Jean Didier Boukongou — What are you expecting from the Paris climate summit? Denis Sassou Nguesso — Africa has mobilised to participate and speak with one voice at this Conference, in which it is placing its legitimate hopes. It has engaged in negotiations on the basis of a united front in response to the aspirations of our peoples. It is universally acknowledged that Africa has immense natural capital, hosting 60%...

Lopes Carlos
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AFRICA AND GLOBAL WARMING: A SIX-POINT STRATEGY

Iwould like to express my vision for Africa in this article by setting out the needs of the continent with respect to climate issues through a strategy structured around six points. This is to enable the African institutions to draft effective policies which will contribute to the emergence of societies and economies that are resilient to climate change. While recognising that traditional ways of life are undergoing transformation in constantly changing climatic conditions, it is my belief  that  our  generation  possesses  the  solutions  to  control...

Attias  Richard
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“THE GREEN ECONOMY, A PILLAR OF FUTURE GROWTH”

Interview with Richard Attias conducted by Cécilia Emma Wilson of the journal African Geopolitics. Cécilia Emma Wilson — What is your perception of this Paris Climate Conference? Richard Attias — Our mission is principally to advise states, leaders and societies on how to integrate the innovation factor into their discourse and actions as much as possible.

Steiner Achim
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COP21 IS PUT TO THE TEST BY THE AFRICAN “LABORATORY”•

Everything suggests that 2015 will remain a watershed year for the environment and sustainable development in  Africa. The   goal of COP21 was to reach a legally binding and universal agreement on climate change. Taking cognizance, in particular, of the development needs of the second largest continent in the world. This continent possesses a very significant share of the world’s natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable, as shown by figures provided by the African Development Bank (AfDB). Africa possesses:

KOUMBA Jerome
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CLIMATE: STATES NOW FACED WITH REAL-WORLD CONSTRAINTS

Climate change is as old as the Earth itself. But current global warming is different because of its scope and speed, making   it truly extraordinary. Even though temperature changes will not occur uniformly over the whole planet, the salient features are well known: rising sea levels, less snow cover, melting glaciers, Arctic warming, shrinking permafrost regions, changing seasonal patterns, etc. Over the last 10,000 years, the quantity of greenhouse gases present in the atmosphere has remained relatively constant. This has enabled the Earth to maintain a fairly stable climate. The...

Boukongou Jean-Didier
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THE RIGHT LEVERS FOR ACCESSING CLIMATE FINANCE

The  coming climate changes will inevitably raise the  problem of  effective  land  occupation  and  management  on  a     planet which must feed more than 7 billion inhabitants while its reserves are dwindling. Land thus becomes prime raw material, a prize to win back. It is increasingly an investment product that speculative funds seek to add to their portfolio, a resource that countries are scrambling for in order to feed their citizens. Rich states and multinational companies are pushing and shoving to buy or lease the most...

Jamati Claude
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AFRICA AND WATER

Droughts? Floods? Water stress? Water shortages? With its 30 million km2 located only about 15 km from its neighbour, Europe, the African continent  is  too  frequently  associated  with  a set of superlatives. Where is the truth? Is there only one truth? This continent that is so close through its historical, cultural and economic links and yet so little understood, despite its key importance for the future, merits some efforts to    avoid applying preconceived and often false ideas to its situation. It is certainly true that there are many...

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THE GEOPOLITICAL IMPACTS OF DESERTIFICATION IN THE SAHEL

In its General Assembly resolution (A/RES/62/195) of 19 December 2007, the United Nations declared the period 2010-2020 the “Decade for Deserts and the Fight against Desertification”. Almost eight years later on 23 October 2015 the Conference of the Parties for the Fight against Desertification (COP21) of Ankara concluded its work on a global agreement which calls for the restoration of degraded land, restrictions on the degradation of new  land and the protection of  biodiversity.  It  is  an  important  step  in  eliminating  the...

Portella Roland
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AFRICA’S TREMENDOUS POTENTIAL IN THE FACE OF THE ENERGY TRANSITION

The African states are trying to initiate sustained growth of their economies. But some are adopting “marketing” approaches or illusory so-called emergence policies, thereby confusing the stage of emergence with the outcome. In fact, we believe that emergence should not be an end in itself, but a stage in a process that will allow   genuine economic, social and industrial development to be  achieved. The African leaders, so  keen  on  catch-phrases  and  paradigms,  do not always understand the subtleties and ulterior motives of...

Pambou  Lucien
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THE SENSITIVE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

The COP21 international  conference shows that Africa’s management of its natural resources is fundamental to the understanding of the impacts of climate change, the energy transition and a sustainable development model. Long regarded as “rentier” economies thanks to oil, agricultural raw materials and minerals, the African countries must review the management of their natural wealth in a world faced with the progressive decline of its resources and the difficult conditions under which they are exploited.