The former Prime Minister of Togo gives his view of crises, tensions and conflicts and offers appropriate possible solutions to these scourges through the consolidation of pan-Africanism.
Interview with Isabelle Lasserre with Jean-Yves Le Drian, french minister of defence.
Interview with Michael Pelletier, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs in the State Department.
The armed conflicts in question are in actual fact armed conflicts within states, collectively termed secessions or rebellions. Over the last decades these have been analysed by international relations specialists using three paradigms: geo-economy, ethnic identity, and cold war.
After its countries became independent, sub-Saharan Africa was gripped by a multitude of crises and conflicts — political, military and ethnic in nature, primarily between States and therefore contained — whose typology, actors and analysis seemed relatively clear.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is an enormous country1 with at least 69 million inhabitants and, according to UNDP, ranks 168th out of 177 in terms of human development. Its population is distributed among over 200 ethnic groups.2 Both its soil and its subsoil are overflowing with an abundance of resources. Often characterised as a “geological scandal,” straddling the equator and extending over two time zones, the country is a giant situated at the heart of the African continent and serves as a link between East Africa, Southern Africa and Central Africa. Congo-Kinshasa is...
Document about "Peace, Security and cooperation framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region" Done at Addis Ababa, on 24 February 2013
There was little comment on the affair at the time. On 25 February 2010, in a disturbing scenario at Bamako airport, the Malian authorities handed over to President Nicolas Sarkozy in person a French hostage, Pierre Camatte, kidnapped a year earlier by the armed group Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQMI). The man, presented by the French media as a spy masquerading as a humanitarian worker, had just been released by his captors, in exchange for the freedom of four prisoners, members of AQMI.
The Horn of Africa had been one of the major regions of violence during the Cold War, but for a number of years it seemed to be gradually moving towards normalisation. The interminable Ethiopian civil war had finally been resolved with the overthrow of the Communist regime of Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam and the independence of Eritrea, and the no less interminable Sudanese civil war seemed to have come to an end thanks to the peace agreements signed in Nairobi in...
The great Mohammed Ali must be turning in his grave. His vast Sudan, which had survived the adventures of the “Ottoman” regime, the storms of the Mahdist venture, half a century of British and Egyptian co-rule and another half-century of independence against a background of coups d’état, instability and civil war, did not celebrate its 200th anniversary, broken by a peace that was supposed to consolidate its unity.