Launched in 2000 by President Bill Clinton, adopted the same year by the American Congress, the law known as the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) aims to support trade and the economy of forty sub-Saharan African countries by facilitating their access to the American market if they comply with the principles of the market economy, good governance and respect for human rights.
The African Standby Force (ASF) is a structure to pool and integrate the military capacities of the Member States of the African Union, to enable the fifty-four Member States to defend themselves against any form of external aggression. After the recent conflict in Somalia and Mali, it has become a matter of urgency for the African Union to constitute this Force which is scheduled to be created in 2015. The African Standby Force must provide a credible alternative to the ...
The African Union is fifty years old and its fiftieth anniversary is being celebrated as part of the Pan-African renaissance.
After its countries became independent, sub-Saharan Africa was gripped by a multitude of crises and conflicts — political, military and ethnic in nature, primarily between States and therefore contained — whose typology, actors and analysis seemed relatively clear.
Although the concept of an emerging State in politics is more or less absent from debates, at the economic level it is the subject of many studies and often vague definitions. The concept of emergence has many meanings in philosophy and the social sciences. In politics it is broadly linked to that of the economic sector. Economists traditionally divide the nations of the world into two groups: that of the developed countries and that of the developing countries (or the Third World). Sometimes,...
Africa is at a crossroads: how can it gradually advance from the status of a subject during the colonial period to that of an actor in current and future globalisation? Africa is regarded as a single continent, whereas emphasis should be laid on the plurality of its situations by speaking of “the Africas.” That is why I propose here to put into perspective the situations of the two African regions of the West and the Centre. These two Africas have in common French...
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